Important Articles of the Constitution of India!
July 13, 2020 1180 Views

At the time that the Constitution commenced, it was divided into 395 articles in 22 part and 8 schedules. We are the longest constitution in the world, it has now grown into 448 articles in 25 parts, 12 schedules with 5 appendices and 98 amendments. The Constitution of India was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 26th November 1949 and came into force on 26th January 1950. It is the highest law of the land and cannot be overridden by the Parliament. This article talks about the parts of the Constitution as well as the important articles of the Constitution of India. This is an important lesson in Civics and Polity, and is useful for all competitive and recruitment exams.

Parts of the Constitution the subjects:

I The Union and its territory 1-4
II Citizenship 5-11
III Fundamental Rights 12-35
IV Directive Principles of State Policy 36-51
IV- A Fundamental Duties 51-A
The Executive 52-78
Parliament 79-122
Legislative Powers of the President 123
The Union Judiciary 124-147
Comptroller and Auditor- General of India 148-151
VI THE STATES              
General (Definition) 152
The Executive 153-167
The State Legislature 168-212
Legislative Powers of the Governor 213
The High Courts in the States 214-231
Subordinate Courts 233-237
VIII The Union Territories 239-241
IX The Panchayats 243 to 243-0
IX-A The Municipalities 243-P to 243-ZG
IX-B The Co-Operative Societies 243-ZH to 243-ZT
X The Scheduled and Tribal Areas 244 to 244-A
Legislative Relations 245-255
Administrative Relations 256-263
Finance 264-290
Borrowing 292-293
Property, Contracts, Rights, Liabilities, Obligations and Suits 294-300
Right to Property 300-A
XIII Trade, Commerce and Intercourse within the territory of India 301-307
Services 308-314
Public Service Commissions 315-323
XIV- A Tribunals 323-A to 323-B
XV Elections 324 to 329
XVI Special Provisions Relating to Certain Classes 330-342
Language of the Union 343-344
Regional Languages 345- 347
Languages of the Supreme Court, High Courts, etc. 348- 349
Special Directives 350- 351
XVIII Emergency Provisions 352-360
XIX Miscellaneous 361-367
XX Amendment of the Constitution 368
XXI Temporary, Transitional and Special Provisions 369-392
XXII Short Title, Commencement, Authoritative Text in Hindi and Repeals 393-395


The Constitution has been amended several times so that the original 22 parts now stand at 25 parts.


  • Part IV-A
  • Part XIV-A
  • Part IX-A
  • Part IX-B


  • Part VII 

Some Important Articles of the Constitution of India

Have a glance at some of the important articles of the Constitution of India and what they deal with.

1 Name and Territory of Union
3 New States Formation, Alteration of Boundaries etc.
13 Laws inconsistent with or in derogation of the Fundamental Rights
14 Equality before Law (popularly known as Right to Equality)
15 Prohibition of Discrimination (on basis of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth)
16 Equality in case of Public Employment
17 Abolition of Untouchability
18 Abolition of Titles
19 Protection of Certain Rights to Freedom (popularly known as Right to Freedom)
19a Freedom of Speech & Expression
19b Right to Peaceful Assembly
19c Freedom of Association
19d Right to Move Freely through India
19e Freedom of Settlement & Residence
19f (Omitted as a fundamental right – governed by article 300A.) Right to Own Personal Property.
19g Freedom to Practise any Profession, Occupation, Trade or Business
21 Right to Life and Personal Liberty
21A Right to Education
23 Prohibition of Human Trafficking and Forced Labour
24 Prohibition of Child Labour
25 Freedom to Practise & Propagate Religion Freely
29 Protection of Interests of Minorities
32 Remedies for enforcement of Fundamental Rights including writs
44 Uniform Civil Code
50 Separation of Judiciary from Executive
51 Promotion of International Peace and Security
51A Fundamental Duties
72 Powers of President to Grant Pardons etc.
76 Attorney-General of India
78 Duties of Prime Minister
85 Sessions of Parliament, Prorogation and Dissolution
93 The Speaker & Deputy Speaker of Lok Sabha
100 Voting in Houses
105 Powers, Privileges etc. of Members of Parliament
106 Salaries and Allowances of Members of Parliament
108 Joint Sitting of both Houses of Parliament
109-110 Money Bills
112 Budget
123 President’s Power to Promulgate Ordinance while Parliament in Recess
127 Appointment of ad hoc Judges in the Supreme Court
139 Supreme Court’s Powers to Issue Certain Writs
141 Supreme Court’s Law Binding on All Courts
148-149 Comptroller and Auditor-General of India
155 Appointment of Governor
161 Power of Governors to Grant Pardon etc.
165 Advocate-General for the State
167 Duties of Chief Minister
224 Appointment of Additional & Acting Judges in High Courts
224A Appointment of Retired Judges in High Courts
226 Power of High Courts to issue writs
280 Finance Commission
312 All India Services
324 Election Commission
335 SCs and STs claim to Services and Posts
343 Official Language
352 National Emergency
356 President’s Rule in case of Failure of Constitutional Machinery in States
360 Financial Emergency
368 Power of Parliament to Amend the Constitution
370 Temporary provisions with respect to the state of Jammu and Kashmir